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GALERIE ART PREMIER AFRICAIN GALERIE ART PRIMITIF AFRICAIN AFRICAN ART GALLERY

Art Gallery the Eye and the Hand
Result of the research Result of the research : 'jean'


Image Amedeo Modigliani
Amedeo Modigliani

Birth name     Amedeo Modigliani
Born     12 July 1884(1884-07-12)
Livorno, Tuscany
Died     24 January 1920 (aged 35)
Paris, France
Nationality     Italian
Field     Painting
Training     Accademia di Belle Arti, Istituto di Belle Arti
Works     Madame Pompadour
Jeanne Hébuterne in Red Shawl

Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (July 12, 1884 – January 24, 1920) was an Italian artist of Jewish heritage, practising both painting and sculpture, who pursued his career for the most part in France. Modigliani was born in Livorno (historically referred to in English as Leghorn), in center-western region Tuscany in Italy and began his artistic studies in Italy before moving to Paris in 1906. Influenced by the artists in his circle of friends and associates, by a range of genres and art movements, and by primitive art, Modigliani's œuvre was nonetheless unique and idiosyncratic. He died in Paris of tubercular meningitis, exacerbated by poverty, overworking, and an
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Henri Matisse

Photo of Henri Matisse by Carl Van Vechten, 1933.
Birth name     Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse
Born     31 December 1869 (1869-12-31)
Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Died     3 November 1954 (1954-11-04) (aged 84)
Nice, France
Nationality     French
Field     painting, printmaking, sculpture, drawing, collage
Training     Académie Julian, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Gustave Moreau
Movement     Fauvism, Modernism
Works     Woman with a Hat (Madame Matisse), 1905

in museums:

    * Museum of Modern Art

Patrons     Gertrude Stein, Etta Cone, Claribel Cone, Michael and Sarah Stein, Albert C.
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Image Tristan Tzara
Tristan Tzara

Born     April 4 or April 16, 1896
Moineşti, Kingdom of Romania
Died     December 25, 1963 (aged 67)
Paris, France
Pen name     S. Samyro, Tristan, Tristan Ruia, Tristan Ţara, Tr. Tzara
Occupation     poet, essayist, journalist, playwright, performance artist, composer, film director, politician, diplomat
Nationality     Romanian, French
Writing period     1912–1963

            Guillaume Apollinaire, Henri Barzun, Fernand Divoire, Alfred Jarry, Jules Laforgue, Comte de Lautréamont, Maurice Maeterlinck, Adrian Maniu, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Ion Minulescu, Christian Morgenstern, Francis Picabia, Arthur Rimbaud, Urmuz, François Villon, Walt Whitman

Influenced

            Louis Aragon, Marcel Avramescu, Samuel Beckett, André Breton, William S. Burroughs, Andrei Codrescu, Jacques G.
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Arman

Armand Pierre Arman

Birth name     Armand Pierre Fernandez
Born     November 17, 1928(1928-11-17)
Nice, France
Died     October 22, 2005 (aged 76)
New York City
Nationality     French
Field     Sculpture, Painting, Printmaking
Movement     Nouveau Réalisme
Influenced by     Kurt Schwitters, Vincent van Gogh, Surrealism, Dada, Serge Poliakoff, Nicolas de Stael

Arman (November 17, 1928 – October 22, 2005) was a French-born American artist.Born Armand Pierre Fernandez in Nice, France, Arman is a painter who moved from using the objects as paintbrushes ("allures d'objet") to using them as the painting itself. He is best known for his "accumulations" and destruction/recomposition of objects.

Biography

Arman's father, Antonio Fernandez,
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Image André Breton
André Breton

André Breton (February 19, 1896 – September 28, 1966) was a French writer, poet, and surrealist theorist, and is best known as the principal founder of Surrealism. His writings include the Surrealist Manifesto of 1924, in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism".

Biography

Born to a family of modest means in Tinchebray (Orne) in Normandy, he studied medicine and psychiatry. During World War I he worked in a neurological ward in Nantes, where he met the spiritual son of Alfred Jarry, Jacques Vaché, whose anti-social attitude and disdain for established artistic tradition influenced Breton considerably. Vaché committed suicide at age 24 and his war-time letters to Breton and others were published in a volume entitled Lettres de guerre (1919), for which Breton wrote four introductory essays.

From Dada to Surrealism

In 1919 Breton founded the review Littérature with Louis Aragon and Philippe Soupault. He also connected with Dadaist Tristan Tzara. In 1924 he was instrumental to the founding of the Bureau of Surrealist Research.

In The Magnetic Fields (Les Champs Magnétiques), a collaboration with Soupault, he put the principle of automatic writing into practice. He published the Surrealist Manifesto in 1924, and was editor of La
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Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso 1962
Birth name     Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso
Born     25 October 1881(1881-10-25)
Málaga, Spain
Died     8 April 1973 (aged 91)
Mougins, France
Nationality     Spanish
Field     Painting, Drawing, Sculpture, Printmaking, Ceramics
Training     Jose Ruíz (father), Academy of Arts, Madrid
Movement     Cubism
Works     Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907)
Guernica (1937) The Weeping Woman (1937)

Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso (25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) was a Spanish painter, draughtsman, and sculptor. Commonly known simply as Picasso, he is one of the most
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Image André Derain and the fauvisme movement
André Derain

Born     10 June 1880(1880-06-10)
Chatou, Yvelines,
Île-de-France
Died     8 September 1954 (aged 74)
Garches, Hauts-de-Seine, Île-de-France

André Derain (10 June 1880 – 8 September 1954) was a French painter and co-founder of Fauvism with Henri Matisse.

Biography

Derain was born in 1880 in Chatou, Yvelines, Île-de-France, just outside Paris. In 1898, while studying to be an engineer at the Académie Camillo, he attended painting classes under Eugène Carrière, and there met Matisse. In 1900, he met and shared a studio with Maurice de Vlaminck and began to paint his first landscapes. His studies were interrupted from 1901 to 1904 when he was conscripted into the French army. Following his release from service, Matisse persuaded Derain's parents to allow him to abandon his engineering career and devote himself solely to painting; subsequently Derain attended the Académie Julian.

Derain and Matisse worked together through the summer of 1905 in the Mediterranean village of Collioure and later that year displayed their highly
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THE PAINTINGS OF CHURCH ABBA ANTONIOS


The paintings on canvas of Abba Antonios church in Gondar in Ethiopia were collected by Marcel Griaule and his team at the Dakar-Djibouti mission in 1932. They probably date from the late eighteenth century and measure (for the pieces installed at the Musée du Quai Branly) about 2.3 meters high. All bear the inventory numbers from 31.74.3584 to 31.74.3630.

DESCRIPTION

The paintings in the church are made Abba Antonios egg on a canvas backing. They are mainly figures of saints, or episodes of Christian history (Old and New Testament apocryphal writings), arranged in superimposed registers.
At the Musée du Quai Branly, the totality of what has been harvested (60 sq.m.) is not exposed. In the room devoted to Ethiopian paintings, on the right shows a St. George, followed by a representation of God overcoming the Covenant of Grace and twelve priests of Heaven, from the west wall of the church. Opposite the entrance, three holy knights recognizable opponents it lands (small naked figures for St. Theodore, a centaur, a lion's body and tail shaped double snake for St. Claude, the emperor Julian the apostolate who tried to restore paganism to holy Mercury) overcome the images of the first Christian martyrs who have proclaimed the Gospel, namely John the Baptist, St. Paul, St. Peter and St. Etienne. Finally on the left wall you can see four of the kings of the Old Testament in the upper register (David, Solomon, Hezekiah and Josiah) and a couple of

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Image Paul Guillaume
From humble beginnings, Paul Guillaume (1891–1934) rose to become one of the leading cultural players and art dealer-collectors of Paris in the early twentieth century. Guillaume died at the age of forty-two, by which time he had amassed an outstanding private collection of works by leading modernists. Unlike many art collectors of the time, Guillaume did not come from a wealthy and cultivated background, nor was he only interested in simply supplying works of art for customer demand like other art dealers. He also actively promoted certain aspects of the artistic and cultural life of Paris, providing moral and material support to artists, and interpreting the art of his time for his contemporaries. This approach, while not uncommon today, was innovative at the time and had previously been attempted by only a few courageous dealer-collectors in Paris, such as Paul Durand-Ruel and Ambroise Vollard. Guillaume was celebrated by the artists whom he supported; for instance in Modigliani's portrait the words Novo Pilota, or ‘new helmsman’, identify the sitter as being at the forefront of modern art.

Guillaume's premature death prevented his dream – of transforming his private collection to a museum of modern art – from being realised. After his death Domenica, his widow and heir, remarried and modified the existing collection, selling some of the more extreme avant-garde works (and later his collection of African art and modern sculpture) and acquiring works of a more conservative character. Domenica's concern to promote harmony among the works in the Guillaume collection made her edited version of the collection all the more typically a capsule of Parisian taste in the 1920s. Before he died, Paul Guillaume had resolved to give his collection to the Louvre. Domenica, a lover of Impressionist art (Monet's
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Jean Paul Barbier-Mueller est un collectionneur suisse, né à Genève en 1930.

Biographie

Il a subi l’influence d’un père que tout passionnait : la poésie, la philosophie, la musique (une des ses oeuvres fut créée à Seattle en 1985) ou la science (il obtint son doctorat en biologie à l’âge de 47 ans).

Après des études de droit à Genève et à Londres, il s’inscrit au Barreau, mais se retrouve assez rapidement au service d’une grande banque, puis directeur, à 28 ans, d’une société financière. En 1960, il crée sa propre entreprise, la Société privée de gérance, spécialisée dans la gestion du parc locatif immobilier d’investisseurs institutionnels et la construction d’immeubles à caractère social.

Collectionneur à la suite de son beau-père Josef Mueller, il s’oriente vers les arts « non occidentaux ». Avec sa femme Monique, il crée en 1977 le musée Barbier-Mueller, qui organise plus de soixante-quinze expositions, la plupart accompagnées d'importants catalogues, présentant les différentes sections de la collection familiale, avec la collaboration des plus grands musées d’Europe, d’Amérique et d’Asie. Il conduit lui-même ou finance des recherches à Sumatra, en Côte

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Museo Etnografico Africa-Mozambico
Bari

The artifacts come from the African Mission of Capuchin firars in Mozambique: they include masks, musical instruments, objetcs made of ivory as well as a lot of documents.

Museo Villaggio Africano
Basella di Urgnano

The works exhibited in this museum-village since 1984 come from the collection of a Passionist Missionaries, a religious congregation founded in 1743. Tribal handcraft works are on display in the museum-village but some are also for sale. The profits go to the congregation whicj helps people in Africa. The objects come mainly from Sub-Saharan Africa (Dogon, Baule, Mahongwe).

Museo Civico di Scienze Naturali "Enrico Caffi"
Bergamo

The museum was born in 1917 when the cabinet of curiosities of the Royal Technical Institute was merged with several private collections of the area. After several places, it was finally established in the sumptuous Piazza Cittadella palace in 1960. The ethnographical section just opened: the largest part of the collection was brought back by Costantino Beltrami, who "discovered" the source of the Mississipi River; it includes
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Ethnic group

An ethnic group is a group of human beings whose members identify with each other, through a common heritage that is real or presumed.

Ethnic identity is further marked by the recognition from others of a group's distinctiveness and the recognition of common cultural, linguistic, religious, behavioural ,, as indicators of contrast to other groups.

Ethnicity is an important means through which people can identify themselves. According to "Challenges of Measuring an Ethnic World: Science, politics, and reality", a conference organised by Statistics Canada and the United States Census Bureau (April 1–3, 1992), "Ethnicity is a fundamental factor in human life: it is a phenomenon inherent in human experience." However, many social scientists, like anthropologists Fredrik Barth and Eric Wolf, do not consider ethnic identity to be universal. They regard ethnicity as a product of specific kinds of inter-group interactions, rather than an essential quality inherent to human groups.Processes that result in the emergence of such identification are called ethnogenesis. Members of an ethnic group, on the whole, claim cultural continuities over time. Historians and cultural anthropologists have documented, however, that often many of the values, practices, and norms that imply continuity with the past are of relatively recent invention.

According to Thomas Hylland Eriksen, until recently the study of ethnicity was dominated by two distinct debates. One is between "primordialism" and
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Le cimier est un ornement qui surmonte un casque, (heaume). Il est particulièrement convoluté en héraldique, lorsque le casque qu'il embellit fait lui-même partie des ornements extérieurs de l'écu. Quand une figure des armes s'y prête, elle est fréquemment reprise par le cimier.

Le casque à sommet pointu peut être orné d'un panache. Le casque à sommet plat peut être décoré de manière plus élaborée, par des têtes et cols d'animaux (licorne), ou des bustes ou membres issants, des ailes (demi-vol ou vol), des cornes, des petites bannières,...
Initialement, le cimier a une fonction militaire : il sert à grandir la silhouette de son porteur pour mieux impressionner son adversaire. Il devient ensuite un ornement de parade, destiné à frapper les imaginations des spectateurs avant l'entrée en tournoi, mais non à résister à l'épreuve. En tant que pièce militaire, le cimier a été abandonné après le XVIe siècle, mais a survécu comme élément décoratif des armoiries.

Bibliographie
    * Le cimier : mythologie, rituel, parenté des origines au XVIe siècle : actes du 6e colloque international d'héraldique, La Petite-Pierre, 9-13 octobre 1989, Académie internationale d'héraldique, Bruxelles, 1990, 365 p.
    *
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C’est en 1951 que le critique d’art Michel Tapié organise à Paris une exposition intitulée « Véhémences confrontées » et qui rassemble entre autres des artistes tels que Camille Bryen, Hans Hartung, Wols, Georges Mathieu, Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Jean-Paul Riopelle. Les œuvres exposées sont non figuratives et privilégient matières, traces et tâches de couleurs au détriment de la forme. Tapié organisera très vite d’autres manifestations comme « Signifiants de l’informel » retenant plus particulièrement le travail sur la matière de Jean Dubuffet, Jean Fautrier, ou encore d’Antoni Tàpies.
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Terme qui apparaît en 1945. Il désigne selon le peintre Jean Dubuffet les œuvres spontanées immédiates, brutes, fortement influencées par l’art primitif, les dessins d’enfants, ou ceux d’aliénés mentaux, qu’il appelle « des singuliers de l’art ».


african art / art africain / primitive art / art primitif / arts premiers / art gallery / art tribal / tribal art / l'oeil et la main / galerie d'art premier / Paris / masques africains / mask /Agalom / Armand Auxiètre / www.african-paris.com / www.agalom.com


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L’abstraction lyrique est un mouvement artistique qui se développe à Paris après la Seconde Guerre mondiale. À cette époque, regroupés sous la bannière de l’École de Paris, des artistes comme Hans Hartung, Jean Bazaine, Roger Bissière, Pierre Soulages, Nicolas de Staël appliquent les premiers, les leçons de Vassily Kandinsky. Nourris de l’art de ce dernier considéré comme l’un des pères de l’abstraction,  ils découvrent la liberté et l’émotion qu’ils opposent à l’abstraction géométrique.


african art / art africain / primitive art / art primitif / arts premiers / art gallery / art tribal / tribal art / l'oeil et la main / galerie d'art premier / Paris / masques africains / mask /Agalom / Armand Auxiètre / www.african-paris.com / www.agalom.com
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Une ethnie est un groupe humain possédant un héritage socio-culturel commun, comme une langue, une religion ou des traditions communes. Elle diffère en ceci du concept de race qui partage des caractéristiques biologiques et morphologiques liée à des ancêtres communs.
Le mot dérive du grec ancien  qui signifie « peuple, nation ». Il a été employé pour désigner une peuplade primitive ou une tribu mais désigne, plus généralement, tout peuple, toute nation qui se reconnaît comme tel. Selon le dictionnaire le petit Robert : « l'ethnie française englobe notamment la Belgique wallonne, la Suisse romande, le Québec francophone ».

Histoire
La notion d'ethnie a longtemps été le pendant sociologique de la notion de race (il en est parfois encore l'euphémisme). Comme pour la race, son utilisation pose problème, à savoir que toute classification de la population selon des clivages ethniques possède un côté arbitraire.
L’ethnicité est, d'après Max Weber, le sentiment de partager une ascendance commune, que ce soit à cause de la langue, des coutumes, de ressemblances physiques ou de l'histoire vécue (objective ou mythologique). Cette notion est très importante sur le plan social et politique car elle est le fondement de la notion d'identité.
Celle-ci peut entraîner des engagements extrêmes comme par
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Le cimier est un ornement qui surmonte un casque, (heaume). Il est particulièrement convoluté en héraldique, lorsque le casque qu'il embellit fait lui-même partie des ornements extérieurs de l'écu. Quand une figure des armes s'y prête, elle est fréquemment reprise par le cimier.
Le casque à sommet pointu peut être orné d'un panache. Le casque à sommet plat peut être décoré de manière plus élaborée, par des têtes et cols d'animaux (licorne), ou des bustes ou membres issants, des ailes (demi-vol ou vol), des cornes, des petites bannières,...
Initialement, le cimier a une fonction militaire : il sert à grandir la silhouette de son porteur pour mieux impressionner son adversaire. Il devient ensuite un ornement de parade, destiné à frapper les imaginations des spectateurs avant l'entrée en tournoi, mais non à résister à l'épreuve. En tant que pièce militaire, le cimier a été abandonné après le XVIe siècle, mais a survécu comme élément décoratif des armoiries.
Bibliographie
    * Le cimier : mythologie, rituel, parenté des origines au XVIe siècle : actes du 6e colloque international d'héraldique, La Petite-Pierre, 9-13 octobre 1989, Académie internationale d'héraldique, Bruxelles, 1990, 365 p.
    * Jean-Luc Eichenlaub, Les Cimiers des armoiries bourgeoises de
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C’est en 1951 que le critique d’art Michel Tapié organise à Paris une exposition intitulée « Véhémences confrontées » et qui rassemble entre autres des artistes tels que Camille Bryen, Hans Hartung, Wols, Georges Mathieu, Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Jean-Paul Riopelle. Les œuvres exposées sont non figuratives et privilégient matières, traces et tâches de couleurs au détriment de la forme. Tapié organisera très vite d’autres manifestations comme « Signifiants de l’informel » retenant plus particulièrement le travail sur la matière de Jean Dubuffet, Jean Fautrier, ou encore d’Antoni Tàpies.
See the continuation... ]

Terme qui apparaît en 1945. Il désigne selon le peintre Jean Dubuffet les œuvres spontanées immédiates, brutes, fortement influencées par l’art primitif, les dessins d’enfants, ou ceux d’aliénés mentaux, qu’il appelle « des singuliers de l’art ».


See the continuation... ]

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Collection Armand Auxietre
Art primitif, Art premier, Art africain, African Art Gallery, Tribal Art Gallery
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